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Area Coordinators Land Use/Urban and Rural Development

Prof Dr S. Chella Rajan, IIT Madras, India

Prof Dr M. Fromhold-Eisebith, RWTH Aachen University, Germany






The main challenge facing global and regional agricultural production and land use consists in meeting the needs for food, feed, fiber and bio-energy for a growing world population. This challenge will have to be met in the face of climate change, changing socio-economic contexts (such as urbanization), scarcity and deteriorating quality of agricultural land (due to salinization, erosion, desertification and losses to urban development and eventually sea level rise), erosion of the genetic diversity of crops, and growing limitations by natural resources such as water and phosphorus fertilizer.

Sustainable solutions for these challenges will require improvements in yields and resource efficiency at multiple scales, such as that of the individual crop in a field (multi-cropping, mono-cropping, choices of individual crop species and varieties), cropping systems (the sequence of crops grown in a field) and production systems. The latter may yield improvements in resource efficiency and productivity through integration of cropping and animal husbandry systems for food, feed and bio-energy. Potentially, some of the technological advances will be based on a rediscovery and re-integration of some features of traditional production systems. Others will require pioneering developments in the recycling of resources between urban and rural areas.



Area Coordinator: Prof Sudhir  Chella  Rajan (Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Madras, Chennai, India)


  • 2007 (ongoing): Professor, Humanities and Social Sciences, IIT Madras
  • 2000: Senior Fellow, Tellus Institute, Boston, MA, USA
  • 1999: Consultant, UNDP, New York
  • 1995: Director (Operations and Asia), International Energy Initiative, Bangalore, India
  • 1989: Air Resources Engineering Associate, California Air Resources Board, El Monte, CA, USA
  • 1988: Air Quality Scientist, ENSR, Camarillo, CA, USA

Research Interests

  • Automobility
  • Political theory and the environment
  • Climate and migration
  • Climate policy
  • Sustainable development

Publications (selection only, complete list here)

  • S.C. Rajan (2010) Parental Sacrifice as Atonement for Future Climate Change, in Michael Maniates and John Meyer (eds.) The Environmental Politics of Sacrifice, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2010
  • S. Byravan and S.C. Rajan (2010): “The Ethical Implications of Sea-level Rise Due to Climate Change,” Ethics and International Affairs, 24.2, Fall Issue.
  • S.C. Rajan (2008) Meeting the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Challenge: The Case for Biome Stewardship Councils. In Janet Ranganathan et al., (Eds.) Policies for Sustainable Governance of Global Ecosystem Services, Edward Elgar, UK.
  • Mayer Hillman, Tina Fawcett and S.C.Rajan (2007) The Suicidal Planet: How to Prevent Global Climate Catastrophe, St. Martin’s Press, New York.
  • S.C. Rajan (2007): “Automobility, liberalism and the ethics of driving,” Environmental Ethics Spring 2007, 77-90.
  • S.C. Rajan (2006): “Climate Change Dilemma: Technology, Social Change, or Both? An Examination of Long-Term Transport Policy Choices in the United States,” Energy Policy 34: 664–679.
  • S.C. Rajan (2006) Automobility and the Liberal Disposition. In Steffen Boehm et al. (Eds.), Against Automobility: Social Scientific Analyses of a Global Phenomenon, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford
  • S.C. Rajan (1996) The Enigma of Automobility: Democratic Politics and Pollution Control, University of Pittsburgh Press, Pitt Series on Policy and Institutional Studies; http://digital.library.pitt.edu/p/pittpress/.
  • M. FitzSimmons, J. Glaser, R. Montemor, S. Pincetl and S.C. Rajan (1994) “Environmentalism and the liberal state,” in Martin O’Connor: Is Capitalism Sustainable? Guilford Books.




Dr. Mohan Kanda (Advisor)

Formally: Secretary (Agriculture and Co-operation) in the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India

After Retirement: Chief Secretary to the Government of Andra Pradesh. Member, National Disaster Management Authority, (NDMA) with the status of a Minister of State of the Government of India


  • 2005 Member, National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
  • 1968-2005 Member, Indian Adminstrative Service (IAS)
  • PhD, Osmania University, Hyderabad on the “Re-organization of Cooperative Agricultural Credit and Marketing Structures and Systems in Andhra Pradesh”

Research Areas

  • As member NDMA: Policy & Plans, Floods & Land Slides, Partnership with Corporates in Disaster Management (DM) and inclusion of DM capsules in the Higher Education System of India in the various categories mentioned, closely associated with the formulation of:-
    • The National Policy on Agriculture
    • The National Policy on Cooperatives
    • The National Rehabilitation & Resettlement Policy of Project Affected Persons
    • The National Policy on Disaster Management
    • Guidelines for Management of
      • Floods
      • Landslides
      • Drought
    • Guidelines for preparation State Disaster Management Plan

Publications (selection only)

  • “Disaster Management in India: Evolution of Institutional Arrangements & Operational Strategies” (Authored by Dr. Mohan Kanda, IAS (Retd.)) 2016
  • The Tinctured Canvas – “Concept, Practice and Strategies in Rural Development”–1981
  • Vasundhara: An Anthology of Land Resources in India (Department of Land Resources 2000)
  • Forgiving Earth: The Dynamics of Policy Support Reforms for the Millenium Farmer in the Asia-Pacific Region (2005)
  • Compilation of articles published in “Agriculture – Today” on various issues to the agriculture sector in India (being readied for publication)
  • Not by Others´s hands: An Anthology of a Century of Cooperation in India



Area Coordinator: Prof Dr Martina Fromhold-Eisebith (Chair of Economic Geography, Department of Geography,  RWTH Aachen University)


  • 2006 (ongoing)  Chair of Economic Geography, Full Professor and Head, Dept. of Geography, RWTH Aachen University, Germany
  • 2002-2006: Professor of Regional Development and Planning, Dept. of Geography and Geoinformatics, University of Salzburg, Austria
  • 2001: Senior Researcher (Herta-Firnberg-Scholar), Austrian Research Centers, Division Systems Research Technology-Economy-Environment, Vienna, Austria
  • 1996-1999: Postdoc habilitation scholarship by the German Research Foundation DFG, comprising empirical field work on the role of knowledge networking in technology driven regional development in India and Indonesia
  • 1995: Postdoc Research Assistant in the EU-funded project Regional Innovation and Technology Transfer Structures Aachen, Consulting Company Gepro mbH, Aachen, Germany
  • 1993-1995:  Postdoc Research Assistant and Project Coordinator in a DFG-funded project on the role of large-scale research laboratories in regional development, University of Marburg, Germany
  • 1987-1993:  Teaching Assistant, Dept. of Geography, RWTH Aachen University, Germany

Research Interests

  • Innovation and technology oriented regional development, technology regions in highly developed and emerging economies (esp. India, Indonesia)
  • Environmental economic geography; role of environmental innovation in sustainability transitions; smart cities and sustainability challenges (appointed member of the German Advisory Council on Global Change, WBGU; (http://www.wbgu.de/en/council-members/2016-2020/)
  • New conceptual approaches in economic and industrial geography that combine technological, economic, social and political dynamics; concepts of collaboration based regional development
  • Development of industrial spaces shaped by global and local processes, esp. regional development in less developed countries of South, Southeast and East Asia


Publications (selection only, complete list click here)

Fromhold-Eisebith, M.; Dewald, U. (forthcoming/ 2018): Urban innovation or rural dedication? Contrasts in socio-technical niche development and the case of photovoltaics in Germany. In: Van Geenhuizen, M. (ed.):  Sustainability transitions and place: the forgotten urban and regional dimension. Cheltenham: E. Elgar (accepted).

Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2017): Cyber Physical Systems in Smart Cities – Mastering Technological, Economic, and Social Challenges. In: H. Song, R. Srinivasan, T. Sookoor, Jeschke, S. (eds): Smart Cities: Foundations, Principles, and Applications. Chichester: Wiley, 1-21.

Dewald, U.; Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2015): Trajectories of sustainability transitions in scale-transcending innovation systems: The case of photovoltaics. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 17 (Dec.), 110-125.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2015): Sectoral Resilience: Conceptualizing Industry Specific Spatial Patterns of Interactive Crisis Adjustment. European Planning Studies, 23 (9), 1675-1694.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M.; Werker, C.; Vojnic, M. (2014): Tracing the Social Dimension in Innovation Networks – from Conceptualization to Empirical Testing. In: Rutten, R., Benneworth, P., Irawati, D., Boekema, F. (eds.): The Social Dynamics of Innovation Networks. Routledge: London, 121-139.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M., Werker, C. (2013): Universities’ functions in knowledge transfer: a geographical perspective. The Annals of Regional Science 51(3), 621-643.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M.; Fuchs, M. (eds) (2012): Industrial Transition. New Global-Local Patterns of Production, Work, and Innovation. The Dynamics of Economic Space Series. Ashgate, Farnham.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M., Freyer, B., Mose, I., Muhar, A., Vilsmaier, U. (2009): Creating Regional Futures: A Scenario-Based Inter- and Transdisciplinary Case Study as a Model for Applied Student-centred Learning in Geography. Journal of Geography in Higher Education 33(3), 409-431.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M., Eisebith, G. (2008): Looking Behind Facades: Evaluating Effects of (Automotive) Cluster Promotion. Regional Studies 42(10), 1343-1356..

Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2007): Bridging Scales in Innovation Policies: How to Link Regional, National and International Innovation Systems. European Planning Studies 15(2), 217-233.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M.; Eisebith, G. (2005): How to institutionalize innovative clusters? Comparing explicit top-down and implicit bottom-up approaches. Research Policy 34(8), 1250-1268.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M.; Eisebith, G. (2003): Globale Krise – regionale Gewinner? Entwicklungstrends des IT-Outsourcing zu Schwellenländern am Beispiel des indischen Bangalore. Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie 47(2), 82-96.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2002): Regional Cycles of Learning. Foreign Multinationals as Agents of Technological Upgrading in Less Developed Countries. Environment and Planning A  34(12), 2155 – 2173.

Fromhold-Eisebith, M. (2001): Technologieregionen in Asiens Newly Industrialized Countries. Strukturen und Beziehungssysteme am Beispiel von Bangalore, Indien, und Bandung, Indonesien. LIT-Verlag: Münster.