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Area Coordinators Water Management

Prof Dr B.S. Murty (Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India)

Prof Dr Nicola Fohrer (Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management at CAU Kiel, Germany)






In the context of urbanisation processes, the hydrological and hydro-ecological structure of an area is lastingly impaired, particularly in developing and newly industrialising countries. Urban living and fast growing megacities can have a negative effect on both the availability of water and on the quality of water resources.

Rapid feedback effects of sewerage, surface water and ground water lead to contamination from sewerage. The need to resolve this problem is intensified by the migration of rural people into towns. The effects of agriculture and land use are as important.

Examples of relevant topics are:

  • Water management theories for urban and rural areas (water use, sewerage, pollution)
  • Water as a habitat / ecohydrology
  • Water pollutants
  • Water quality
  • Decentralised water cycles
  • Creation of infrastructures in slums
  • Virtual water cycles
  • Subterranean water storage and rehabilitation of aquifers
  • Water protection / vulnerability

The protection of water resources acts as a central research area for future collaborative projects. As well as modern water recycling processes, the topics of modern technology in the monitoring of ground and surface water are additional central issues.

Equally, modelling on vulnerability to pollution and the development of hydro information systems serve as suitable research areas in the field of water protection.

Taking socio-cognitive and cultural factors into consideration when looking at integrated water management theories can be vital for the sustainable effect of these theories. Sociological, psychological and cultural scientific approaches are necessary to disclose the culturally conditioned view of water, the acceptance of recycling technology and different usages of recycled water in different socio-cultural environments. Substantial cultural and religious differences exist in different regions of India. The mentioned approaches are therefore urgently needed for sustainable, effective concepts in the area of water management containing the following issues:

  • Cultural association with water resources
  • Acceptance of recycling technologies
  • Acceptance of recycled water
  • Flood control
  • Development of sensor networks
  • Development of early warning systems (flash flooding)



Area Coordinator: Prof Dr B. S. Murty (Department of Civil Engineering, IIT Madras)


2004 (ongoing): Professor, IIT Madras
2001: Associate Professor, IIT Madras
1998: Assistant Professor, IIT Madras
1997: Associate Professor, IIT Kanpur
1990: Assistant Professor, IIT Kanpur
1989: Lecturer, IIT Kanpur
1985 : Teaching / Research Assistant

Research areas

  • Open channel flows & Free Surface Flows
  • Sediment Transport Modeling
  • Surface & Subsurface Flow Interaction
  • Pipe flows & Condition Assessment
  • Contaminant Transport Modeling
  • Water Resources Management in Coastal and Deltaic Systems

Publications (selection only, complete list here)

  • Philip, Ligy; Reddy, K. S.; Kumar, Bhuvanesh; Bhallamudi, S.M., Kannan, A., “Performance evaluation of a solar and wind aided cross-flow evaporator for RO reject management”, DesalinationElsevier, Vol. 317   Pages: 1-10, 2013.
  • Balasubramanian, P., Ligy Philip, S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Biotrickling filtration of VOC emissions from pharmaceutical industries”, Chemical Engineering Journal, Elsevier, Vol. 209, pp. 102-112, October 2012.
  • Chaitali, M., Manikandan, S.T., S. Murty Bhallamudi, and Panday, S. “A dynamic sub-timing based implicit non-oscillating scheme for contaminant transport modeling”, Jl. of Hydrologic Engineering, ASCE, 17(6), pp. 694-703, June 2012.
  • Belayneh, M. Z. and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Optimization model for management of water quality in a tidal river using upstream releases”, J. of Water Resources and Protection, Scientific Research Publications, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 149-162, March 2012.
  • Naresh K. Sharma, Ligy Philip and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Aerobic Degradation of Phenolics and aromatic hydrocarbons in Presence of Cyanide”, Bioresources Technology, Elsevier, Vol. 121, October 2012, pp. 263-273.
  • Belayneh, M. Z. and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Multi-objective management model for waste load allocation in a tidal river using archive multi objective simulated annealing algorithm”, Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems, Taylor & Francis, Vol. 29 (4), pp. 222-230, December 2012.
  • T. Shashidhar, S. Murty Bhallamudi, Ligy Philip, Development and validation of a model of bio-barriers for remediation of Cr(VI) contaminated aquifers using laboratory column experiment, Jl. of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, Vol. 145, No. 3, 437-452, 2007.
  • T. Shashidhar, Nisha Nandanan, Ligy Philip, S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Design of a passive bio-barrier system for chromium containment in confined aquifers”, Practice Periodical of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste Management, ASCE, Vol. 11, No. 4, 216 – 224, 2007.
  • H. P. Reddy, S. Narasimhan, and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Simulation and state estimation of transient flow in gas pipeline networks using transfer function model”, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 45, 3853-3863, 2006.
  • Y.S.R. Murty, S. Murty Bhallamudi, and K. Srinivasan, “Non-uniform flow effect on optimal waste load allocation in rivers”, Water Resources Management, Kluwer, Vol. 20, pp. 509-530, 2006.
  • T. Shashidhar, L. Philip, and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Bench scale column experiments to study the containment of Cr(VI) in confined aquifers by biotransformation”, Journal of Hazardous materials, Elsevier, B 131, 200-209, 2006.
  •  S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Turbulence Modeling” in “Turbulent Flows: Fundamentals, Experiments and Modeling” (Eds: G. Biswas & V. Eswaran), Narosa Publishers, New Delhi, (19 pages: 319-337) 2002.
  • S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Computation of open channel flows with shocks: An Overview” in “Research perspectives in hydraulics and water resources engineering” (Eds: Rama Prasad & S. Vedula), World Scientific, Singapore. (42 pages: 89-130), 2002.
  • S. Surya Rao, S. Murty Bhallamudi, S.K. Tiwari and Ravi Bhushan Kumar, “Flood routing in tree type channel networks, ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ISH, Vol.6, No. 1, pp. 35-45 (Best paper award), 2000.
  • P.V.N. Sudhakar, S. Surya Rao and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “Implicit two dimensional storage routing of floods in a river with flood plains”, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (Ind), Vol. 80, November 1999, pp. 105-109. (Best paper award)
  • Tewari, A. and S. Murty Bhallamudi, “simulation of infiltration from a trickle irrigation source”, ISH Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ISH, Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 1-13, 1997.
  • Murty, B.S. and Sridharan, K., “Transients in a spatially distributed pumping system”, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (Ind) – CV, Vol. 76, No.5, pp. 55-59, 1995.
  • Murty, B.S., Sridharan, K. and Prasad, I., “Effect of intermediate non-return valves on transients in pumping mains”, Journal of the institution of engineers (Ind), Vol. 67, Part CI 3, pp. 99-104, November 1986. (Best Paper Award)



Area Coordinator: Prof. Dr. Nicola Fohrer (Department of Hydrology and Water Resources Management at CAU Kiel, Germany)


  • Since 2010: Director of Institute of the Conservation of Natural Resources, CAU Kiel
  • 2003-2009: Director of the Ecology Centre, CAU Kiel
  • Since 2008 Chair of scientific board: German National Committee of IHP/HWRP of UNESCO
  • 2008 – 2010: International Chair of scientific board for UNESCO initiative of Ecohydrology
  • Since 2006: Member of the Governing Board: for the European Regional Centre (UNESCO Cat. II centre) for Ecohydrology (ERCE), Lodz, Poland
  • 2007-2010 National Representative of Germany: Continental Erosion, IAHS – International Association of Hydological Sciences
  • since 2004: editor of the “Zeitschrift Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung (HyWa)” (Magazine Hydrology and Watermanagement, in german only)

Research areas

  • Water balance calculation and modelling
  • Modelling of river basins and catchment hydrology
  • Analysis and modelling of water quality and water protection strategies
  • Modelling the impact of land use change
  • Measurement and modelling of soil erosion
  • Strategies for flood protection measures on the field

Publications (selection only, complete list here)

  • Amiri, B.J., K.P. Sudheer & N. Fohrer, 2012: Linkage Between In-Stream Total Phosphorus and Land Cover in Chugoku District, Japan: An ANN Approach. J. Hydrol. Hydromech. 60 (1): 33-44.
  • Bieger, K., G. Hörmann & N. Fohrer, 2012: Simulation of Streamflow and Sediment with the Soil and Water Assessment Tool in a Data Scarce Catchment in the Three Gorges Region, China. J. Env. Qual., published online May 2012.
  • Bohne, B., I.J. Storchenegger, P. Widmoser, 2012: An easy to use calculation method for weir operations in controlled drainage systems. Agricultural Water Management 109: 46-53.
  • Fohrer, N. & B. Schmalz, 2012: Das UNESCO Ökohydrologie-Referenzprojekt Kielstau-Einzugsgebiet – nachhaltiges Wasserressourcenmanagement und Ausbildung im ländlichen Raum. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung 56(4): 160-168.
  • Fohrer, N., A. Dietrich, O. Kolychalow & U. Ulrich, 2012: Assessment of the environmental fate of the herbicides Flufenacet and Metazachlor with the SWAT model. J. Envir. Quality. Accepted July 2012.
  • Kiesel, J., & Fohrer, N., Schmalz, B., White, M. J., 2010: Incorporating landscape depressions and tile drainages of lowland catchments into spatially distributed hydrologic modeling. Hydrological Processes. 24: 1472- 1486. ISI 2,002, 2010.
  • Kiesel, J., & Fohrer, N., Schmalz, B. 2010: Considering aquatic habitat properties in integrated river basin management- an ecohydrological modeling approach. In Savenije, H., S. Demuth, P. Hubert (eds.): Hydrocomplexity: New tools for solving the wicked water problems. IAHS Publications 338: 137-139, 2010.
  • Lam,Q.D., B. Schmalz, and N. Fohrer, 2010: Modelling point and diffuse source pollution of nitrate in a rural lowland catchment using the SWAT model. Agricultural Water Management.  97 (2): 317–325. (ISI 1,646), 2010.
  • Petersen, G. and Fohrer, N., 2010: Flooding and drying mechanisms of the seasonal Sudd flood plains along the Bahr el Jebel in southern Sudan, Hydrological Sciences J., 55(1):4 -16. (ISI), 2010.
  • Petersen, G. and Fohrer, N., 2010: Two-dimensional numerical assessment of the hydrodynamics of the Nile swamps in southern Sudan’, Hydrological Sciences J., 55(1):17 – 26. (ISI), 2010.
  • Schmalz B., Fohrer N., 2010: Ecohydrological research in the German lowland catchment Kielstau. Status and Perspectives of Hydrology in Small Basins. IAHS Publ. 336: 155-120, 2010.
  • Wu N, Tang T, Fu X, Jiang W, Li F, Zhou S, Cai Q and Fohrer N., 2010. Impacts of cascade run-of-river dams on benthic diatoms in the Xiangxi River, China. Aquatic Sciences. 72: 117-125. (ISI 1,049), 2010.