The IGCS has released a report on India’s long-term energy scenarios, showing that it is conceivable for India to stabilize its greenhouse gas emissions, provide access to modern energy services to its entire population and also gain a broad set of environmental, economic and social benefits.
India is both the fourth largest emitter of greenhouse gas emissions and home to the largest population of the world’s poor. Climate policy for India must therefore include a strong element of inclusive growth, implying that reducing conditions of deprivation must go hand in hand with reducing overall emissions. A low carbon inclusive growth strategy for India is developed in this study using a transparent, bottom-up scenario modelling effort. The study shows that it is possible for India to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 2005 levels by 2030 and also provide modern energy services to more than half its population who are currently unserved or under-served in this regard. This would entail having to focus on providing energy services to at least the bottom 50 million or so households by providing LPG or advanced electric cookstoves where feasible, access to electricity for lighting, water, sanitation services, improved access to services in urban areas (involving changes in land-use and transport), improved agricultural services, and so on. At the same time, commitments would be required to improve efficiency across the board and increase penetration of renewable energy in electricity generation and to make efforts to shift transport, housing and industry towards more sustainable models.
There are indications that this strategy could provide numerous co-benefits apart from reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving access to clean energy for the poor. These include reduced local air pollution, improved lifestyles and a more productive workforce.
A link to the report and the data files can be found here: http://www.energycommunity.org/default.asp?action=45 and link for alternative energy sources http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/11075/1/Alternative-Energy-Sources-for-Energy-Saving.html